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    Founded in 1876 by A.L. Hobbs & C.H. Rowell               Estab. 1876   
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About The Fresno Republican Newspaper


by Staff Archivists, The Fresno Republican Newspaper
Daily Republican Electronic Newsboy ImageFRESNO DESK - The Republican Newspaper first appeared in the year 1824 in Springfield, Mass. Its founder and publisher was Samuel Bowles(1797-1851). 

Alexis de Tocqueville actually met Samuel Bowles when the young Frenchman visited the offices of the Springfield Republican in 1832 on his American tour. After the meeting with Bowles, Tocqueville wrote in his diary 'I am of the opinion...that what best explains the enormous circulation of the daily press ... is that among the Americans I find the utmost national freedom combined with local freedom of every kind.' 

Bowles' son, Samuel Bowles(1826-1878) began work for his father as a copy-boy at the age of 17. After the elder Bowles died in 1851, the younger Samuel Bowles took on the role of publisher. With a small dedicated staff, Bowles made the Republican one of the half-dozen most influential newspapers in the United States.

Bowles single-handedly welded antislavery public opinion in the young nation into the conservative Republican Party of his day. He gave complete support to Abraham Lincoln and through hard-hitting and relentless editorials and opinion pieces the Republican condemned political and financial corruption in the White House, in Congress, and in the Courts. 

The historic work, Democracy in America, by Alexis de Tocqueville chronicled the impact that newspapers like the Republican had in shaping America's unique political character.

The antecedent Springfield Republican's original purpose was chiefly the analysis and public discussion of political economics. Today's Fresno Republican Newpaper Co.[1876] is its modern West Coast descendant and exemplar.

[Editor's Note: The Fresno Republican was established in September, 1876, by Dr. Chester A. Rowell, who had associated with him George McCullough and Lyman Andrews, M. J. Donahoo, Frank Dusy, A. Tombs, J. W. Williams, C. W. DeLong, Russell Flemming, Cottled, Luse and some other gentlemen, Republican in politics.
     The first editor was Emmett Curtis, a young journalist who had been brought hither from San Francisco. The first issue made its appearance on September 23, 1876, and being the first Republican paper ever issued in the county, created somewhat of a sensation.
     Seven hundred and fifty copies were issued, and a copy sent to every known Republican in the county, and seems to have made a favorable impression. Mr. Curtis remained in editorial charge until after the presidential election of that year, when it was found that if the paper were to be continued, the expenses would have to be very materially reduced.
     It was $800 in debt, had practically no subscription list, and a very limited advertising patronage. The election was over, the politicians was apathetic, and Republicans refused to contribute to sustain the paper. Dr. Rowell now assumed the personal management, dispensing with the services of an editor, discharging all help not absolutely necessary to the production of the paper, temporarily postponing the indebtedness with new notes, and turning in his personal medical accounts ,to assist in the support of the enterprise.
     It was a very hard struggle, but the paper never lost an issue, though it was kept alive only by constant self-sacrifice, and the continual making good of deficiencies. On September 28, 1878, Dr. Rowell gave the Republican into the charge of Clarence Hedges and William Shanklin, two printers who had been identified with the office almost from the beginning of its publication.
     They continued as editors and publishers until April 26, 1879, when Dr. Rowell sold the paper to S. Adison Miller, stipulating, however, that it should remain a strictly Republican paper, that it should always be known as the Fresno Republican, that it should in no way amalgamate with or enter into any agreement of business or politics with its rival, the Fresno Expositor, nor change its policy in any respect relative to public matters.
     Under Mr. Miller's management the Republican steadily advanced and enjoyed an era of unusual prosperity, bringing to its owner a very comfortable fortune. In 1885, Mr. Miller sold the property to the Rev. Mr. Brewington, who conducted it for six months, when he sold it to J. H. Short and J. W. Shanklin, who devoted most of their efforts to the daily issue.
     In May, t 890, Messrs. Shanklin and Short transferred their interest, which included the entire plant, to T. C. Judkins, who increased its news service and generally placed it upon a higher plane of journalism.
     It is publishing the full dispatches of the Associated Press, and is the equal of any morning newspaper in the State outside the City of San Francisco. It continues to be an aggressive Republican newspaper, though it treats all parties with fairness and liberality.
     It is outspoken and independent, and does not hesitate to commend or condemn officials of any party. It has not enjoyed any official, patronage and has succeeded entireiy on its own merits.]

    The California Republican Party did not have a friendly newspaper with which to fight creeping Federalism invading state's rights as Theodore Roosevelt championed the cause of the Republic. 
     Meanwhile, Federalism was making its last-stand in back-country districts. The Springfield Republican endorsed John Quincy Adams(R) for president and achieved modest success. By 1846, with the coming of the electronic telegraph, it took on a new life and became distinguished in its literary quality, fiction serials, and history departments as well as its editorial policy. 
     In 1856, editor Horace Greeley, wrote in the Springfield Republican 'It is the best and ablest country journal ever published on the continent.' One of the outstanding features of the Republican was its concise writing and condensation. 

Although the daily Republican helped to create the new Republican Party it has always remained an independent force in political thought. 
     The historic Springfield Republican eventually was recast as a weekly known as the Fresno Republican in the California wild and rugged frontier town of Fresno in February 1877 by Dr. Chester Rowell & A.L. Hobbs. Its original purposes were renewed as it played a key role in establishing the California Republican Party.
     In July 1892 it became a daily and changed its name to The Fresno Morning Republican and remained independent until November 1926 when The Fresno Morning Republican was sold. But, in the early years, the Fresno Morning Republican Newspaper was a financial success, due in no small measure, to the managing expertise of William Glass. 

Chester Rowell in 1912 William Glass was a native of New York, arriving in Fresno in 1890. Hired immediately by Rowell, Glass was onboard as Fresno Morning Republican's business manager. Glass was born at New York City on March 22, 1860, the son of John Glass and Margaret (Hart) Glass. The Glass heritage was distinguished in classical learning and the fine arts. The Harts numbered in the ranks some famous persons in letters and art, at the law and on on the battlefield and in publishing enterprises. 
    William Glass had matriculated at the NY Cooper Institute, a part of the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art. Mr. Glass had worked as a bookkeeper for a stockbroker in New York City, and in 1882 became cashier in a stockbroker's office.
    An opening as purser on a Pacific Coast steamer, the following year, eventually led to Glass taking a job with the San Francisco Bulletin from 1883 to 1890 where he demonstrated his ability to adapt himself fully to the more exacting conditions of the newer, bustling western life and relocation to Fresno. 
     Beginning in 1890, Mr. Glass directed the affairs of the Fresno Republican's counting room, and his past experience, together with his admirable foresight, helped make the Fresno Republican Newspaper one of the best in California and eventually in the United States. 
     Dr. Chester Rowell & A.L. Hobbs together with William Glass were the team making the Fresno Morning Republican quite as valuable an organ for the public weal as its namesake, the Springfield Republican, so long proved to the great commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
     With the entry of the nation on its second century, in 1876, the Weekly Republican was established as the proper expression of the new life and enterprise developing here; and in 1887 the Morning Republican became a reality, and has ever since continued the exponent of Fresno and its unrivaled county. 
     More than that, it has proven the faithful expositor of conditions in the San Joaquin Valley, and with its Associated News service has enabled the patrons, scattered in towns and on outlying ranches, to keep in close touch with the pulse of the country at large. 
     Mr. Glass was active in local civic affairs ass president of the Chamber of Commerce and a member of the Commercial and Rotary Clubs. He was a member of the Promotion Committee of the Raisin Exchange, out of which grew the California Associated Raisin Company. He was chairman of the Promotion Committee of the California Peach Growers, Inc., and he represented the State of California on the Board of Directors of the San Joaquin Valley Milk Producers Association. 
     He served as president of the Fresno County Welfare Department, and chairman of the Fresno Chapter, American Red Cross. He was chairman of the Odd Fellows Hall Company, treasurer of St. Paul's M. E. Church, South, and secretary of the Fresno Republican Publishing Company. He has been a trustee of the Fresno Public Library. Note: At San Francisco, on January-17, 1884, Glass married Miss Theresa McKittrick, the daughter of Edward McKittrick, a well-known early Californian pioneer.
     Two children have blessed this fortunate union a son, Edward Glass, and a daughter, Emma Theresa. In 1919 Fresno architectictural firm of  Edward Glass and Charles Butner were hired to design and plan the Fresno Republican Pruntery Building at 2120 Kern Street to handle all the job printing of the Fresno Morning Republican newspaper.
     The family attended St. Paul's Methodist Church.. Glass was made an Odd Fellow at Occidental Lodge, San Francisco, on August 6, 1886; and in 1888 was Noble Grand. He was Chief Patriarch of Fresno Encampment, 1910, Commandant of the Fresno Canton, 1909, and Chairman of the Fresno General Relief Committee, 1899. 
     In 1877 it had begun with a hard-hitting series of editorials promoting public accountability for soaring taxes and increasing Federalism and soaring National Debt. At that time the national debt was then only a paltry $3,352,380,410. 
     That debt mostly due to the destructive economic effects on productivity and rampant inflation resulting from the cumulative unpaid costs of fighting the Civil War by the United States Government. 
    Since the year 1887 the taxpayers of the United States have attempted to reform Congress' wayward tax and spend habits. By 1999 the National Debt exceeds $5.935 trillion. There is good reason to continue and to perpetuate a historic Republican Newspaper publisher's vision as the world moves cautiously into another new world at the millennium and beyond. 
     By 1996 the William Clinton presidency with the cooperation of a Democrat Congress pushed the Nation headlong into another implacable period of populist tax & spend fiscal irresponsibility. 

Today's national Fresno Republican newspaper traces its conservative editorial policy originally established by Samuel Bowles as based on the civil economics philosophy of Thomas Hobbes 1588-1679 [Richard Hofstadter, The American Political Tradition and the Men Who Made It, pp.3,5,16,356. Random House, New York, 1948.] 
    In another historical sidebar, the early history of California was written by ancestors of the Republican Newspapers' owners & publishers. Orrin E. Smith was a member of Samuel Brannan's Early California pioneers. These men were members of the Mormon group from Illinois who were the first English speaking residents of Yerba Buena (San Francisco). 

The party arrived in San Francisco Bay aboard the ship Brooklyn on July 31th in the year 1846. The ship had carried the pioneers all the way from New York harbor, a journey of 24,000 miles. The site of the landing was near what is now the Hyde Street Pier close to an old Mexican Fort. 
     Brannan brought with the pioneer party many advanced technological inventions never seen in early California. One if these advances was the portable Franklin printing press. Brannan intended to establish the first English newspaper on the Pacific Coast. Samuel Brannan, with the assistance of Orrin Smith operated the press in a second-story loft & grist mill on Clay Street in early San Francisco. They opened a printing business, and began writing and publishing the newspaper called California Star
     The California Star newspaper was sold on street corners in what is now San Francisco and was dispatched by ship in the earliest mail to the Eastern Seaboard and to the British Isles. Smith & Brannan told readers that California was a "haven of opportunity". 
     After the discovery of gold in 1849 California Star became the voice of San Francisco and of the Pacific Coast. Largely through breaking the news of the gold strike to the world the California Star gained prominence throughout a world eager to learn. 
     The gold strike caused a sudden population growth and wild prosperity in California. The size of the population increased twelve-fold in a single year.The publishers of the California Star soon had a thriving economic enterprise, expanding to meet the needs of the growing community. [Chas. Dobie, San Francisco: A Pageant, pp.95-109. Appleton-Century Co., London, 1933.] 
     The early history of the Republican newspaper is tied up with the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln(R) 1861-1865. Lincoln was the founder of the modern Republican Party in America. The owners of the national Daily Republican newspaper are paternal descendants of the Thomas Hobbes(English philosopher) family, and maternal descendants of the Nancy Hanks Lincoln's mother)and maternal descendants of the Orrin E. Smith (California pioneer of 1846). 
     The historic Fresno weekly Republican newspaper was sold by newsboys on the corner of Fresno Street and Van Ness Avenue, at five cents per copy. One of the Fresno Republican news boys, Niels Thomsen has chronicled that early experience in Fresno together with his later voyages around the world prior to WWII and his heroic exploits in defense of this nation. His latest work Voyage of the Forest Dream is an exciting glimpse. 
     The subsequent news organization known as the Fresno Morning Republican Although the Republican Newspaper was sold in 1926 to C.K. McClatchy it continued to operate successfully until it's presses were shut down in 1932 and all the Republican subscriber lists were handed over to the Fresno Bee Newspaper in a stealthy move which has long been remembered as The Sting of the Bee.
     The historic archives of the Fresno Morning Republican are still available on microfilm and may be viewed at the California History section of the Fresno County Main Library and at the Henry Madden Library photomicrography services at Fresno State University, Main Campus. The original plates of the newspaper are preserved by the Fresno County Historical Society.
    The modern incarnation of the Springfield, Mass. Daily Republican newspaper was reorganized in 1981 and founded on graphical interface engineering. It has technically evolved since them, and now uses powerful JAVA Scripting, SHOCKWAVE & CGI programming with the latest versions of Internet and World Wide Web browsers like Netscape, Microsoft Internet Explorer, AOL, and COMPUSERVE with multimedia plugins for video, graphics and streaming audio. 
     The national edition of The Daily Republican Newspaper has been featured on C-SPAN for the newspaper's public affairs service, news, and political opinion in recent years. The Daily Republican online newspaper has also received recognition in the Hall of Fame, C-Site permanent award. The Daily Republican is the 1995 recipient of the Gold Medal In Journalism for Best News Publication on the Internet! The historic Atlantic Monthly Magazine selected the Daily Republican as its political information site in 1996. 
     Two of Fresno's early Republican Party pioneers were physician, Chester H. Rowell, from Denver and school teacher, Albert Lincoln Hobbs from Springfield and Boston, Mass. Hobbs was the descendant of 16th Century English philosopher Thomas Hobbes. Albert Lincoln Hobbs would be the founder of a fruit packing and shipping company and the Chairman of the Fresno County Central Committee and of the California Republican Party. His wife Mrs. Alice Hobbs was among the original founders of Fresno's First Presbyterian Church. Mr. Hobbs and Dr. Rowell would become the original investors and founders who would publish the widely acclaimed The Fresno Republican weekly newspaper in 1877. 
     In 1854 the modern Republican Party appeared in American politics as a transformation of the Whig Party. The first Republican president was Abraham Lincoln (R) 1861-1865. 
     In 1858 the town of Fresno was founded on only 50 residents. By 1876 Fresno had more than 3,000 itinerants and property owners. Dr. Chester Rowell arrived in that year and started the Republican newspaper partly in response to the civil strife he witnessed upon arrival. Fresno was by then a liberal, brawling, rowdy, Libertine, and wide-open frontier town of bawdy houses, saloons, cattle men, Sequoia logging mill workers, gold miners, gamblers, and railroad speculators.
    Town government was ineffective, its officials were naive, illiterate, and lacked any interest in maintaining law and order. Graft, bribery, and corruption controlled City Hall. Citizens were apathetic and were even afraid to be on Fresno City streets after dark. 
     However, the powerful influence of the ideas and editorials published in the Republican newspaper appealed to Fresnans to establish peace and insure the safety of its people and their property in order to establish a social and economic foundation for growth and property. 
    Dr. Rowell's brother was a congressman in Washington whose son was Dr. Rowell's namesake. The younger Chester H. Rowell served as a Committee Clerk in Congress for his father after graduating the University of Michigan. He then took two years of post graduate studies at the University of Berlin before teaching college Latin, German, and French, in Baxter, Kansas. 
    On October 12, 1885, the Fresno City Township was incorporated. In 1895 young Rowell was hired by C. L. McLane, Fresno City School Superintendent for a teaching position at the 115 student, Fresno High School. Young Rowell was among its first five teachers. 
    Three years later, the younger Chester Rowell accepted the job as Editor of the Republican from his Uncle Chester Rowell. The name on the masthead was soon modified as the Fresno Morning Republican . The younger Rowell soon became well-known throughout the Nation as a crusading young journalist-editor attempting to cleanup Fresno's image of political graft and crime. He went after a change in the General Law for Cities of the Fifth Class.
    Fresno operated without a Mayor under that law. Town government had been weak and run by five trustees. The Fresno Morning Republican campaigned for election of literate community leaders with commitment to limited government clean streets and a responsible business community. 
     A. Lincoln Hobbs, President and Manager of the successful corporation, Hobbs Parson's Company, was an international fruit shipper, President of the Fresno Chamber of Commerce, an educator, and was impressed with Rowell's editorials in the Fresno Morning Republican and his community leadership in getting a new Charter for Fresno City. 
     Hobbs nominated Chester Rowell for Mayor of Fresno City. Rowell did not seriously accept the nomination but sought changes in the form of City government from behind the Editor desk. In 1902, Fresno voters approved the new City Charter, and elected their first mayor, Mr. L.O. Stephens. 
     Chester Rowell and A. Lincoln Hobbs became Charter Founders in 1890 of the Progressive Republican Lincoln Roosevelt League in California. During the 1890s both major parties were hurt by the rise of agrarian protest, but infighting proved most divisive among the Democrats; their collapse at the polls followed in 1896. Beginning in that year, increased voter strength made the Republicans the majority party in the Unites States for the next 25 years. 
     Party factionalism continued: Beginning in the 1890s Hobbs and Rowell led a group of Republicans known as the Progressives sought to balance the party's commitment to the industrial elite with the use of federal power to correct some of the worst excesses of the Southern Pacific Railroad monopoly and similar corporation trusts that dominated the political economy of California.
    The former Republican president, Theodore Roosevelt, who had promoted some progressive measures while in office, later became the presidential candidate of a third party, the Progressive (Bull Moose) Party after the tumult of the Chicago Republican Party Convention. 
     Hobbs invited Theodore Roosevelt to Fresno and drove the automobile carrying the former president in a Van Ness Avenue Bull-Moose Party rally and Parade. 
     Hobbs and Rowell were the sponsors of the original state campaign for obtaining the direct primary in California under which the Bull Moose Party became qualified. 

Rowell and Hobbs also played a key role in the election of Hiram Johnson(R) to the Office of California Governor in 1910. During the Johnson Administration, the political power of the Southern Pacific Railroad "octopus" was broken. 
     Fresno businessmen, Hobbs and Fresno Morning Republican Editor and Publisher, Rowell developed the maxim Vote for the Man - Not the Party! and later lived up to that charge in gaining support for third party candidate Theodore Roosevelt in California. The Republican Party was split between former President Theodore Roosevelt(R) and candidate William Howard Taft(R) after the Chicago Republican Party Convention. Presidential candidate William Howard Taft(R) was elected in 1909. In time, Roosevelt proved right, but the Republican Party had sustained party disunity which led to California Governor Hiram Johnson (R) and President Taft's defeat in 1912, to Woodrow Wilson(D). 

Soon after California Governor Hiram Johnson's was also defeated. These events led to Chester Rowell divesting himself of his financial interest in the Fresno Morning Republican and being appointed by President Wilson to the U.S. Shipping Board. For many years after leaving Fresno he was the Editor of the San Francisco Chronicle while serving on the Board of Regents of the University of California. Chester Rowell 1867-1948, the Illinois-born editor of the Fresno Republican (1898-1920) and the San Francisco Chronicle (1932-1935) who later became the Chronicle's major editorial columnist (1935-1947). Rowell used the Fresno Republican to promote the views of the Lincoln-Roosevelt League, a Republican Party reform organization. He received many honors in the fields of economics, politics, peace, law, science, and sociology. 
     The Democrats controlled the presidency from then until 1920, when the voters, seeking a return to normalcy after World War I, brought the Republicans back to power under Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge.The Republican Party remained dominant throughout the 1920s, its strength unaffected even by another progressive defection in 1924. 
     Despite opposition from agricultural and progressive Republicans, it continued to foster industrial economic values in a time of extraordinary prosperity. Herbert Hoover, first as secretary of commerce, then as president from 1929 to 1933, symbolized Republican commitment to unbounded national prosperity rooted in massive industrial expansion. 
     The Great Depression began during Hoover's administration. The depression severely damaged America's fundamental belief in the dream of unlimited growth and prosperity. Trust in the Republican party was damaged. The economic collapse and extraordinary high unemployment that followed the stock-market collapse in 1929 made economic history. The slow and Stoic response of President, Hoover's administration was too little, too late. 
     The Democrat Party was successful in capturing the presidency by demoting economics issues. However, it was not successful in resolving the underlying employment problems. 
     Finally, the New Deal coalition, headed first by Franklin D. Roosevelt and later by Harry S. Truman, was boosted by a war economy that permitted political power of the Democrat Party to remain in control of the White House for a generation. During that time the Republican Party would lose five presidential elections in a row.  Chester Rowell died at the age of 80,closely following the presidential election of Harry Truman(D) in 1948. 

Editorial Mission Statement: In this newspaper, the separation of news from the editorial is intended to serve the reader, who is entitled to the facts in the news and to opinions in the editorials. Nothing in these functions is intended to eliminate from the news honest, in-depth reporting, or analysis or commentary when plainly depicted as such. 

At this newspaper we never expected history to oblige our corporate editorial policies and purposes so well. Yet, in response to publication of the historic Republican newspaper columns and opinion pieces, the ship of state did more than correct its course in the early 20th Century. It reversed engines, and Communism has now self-destructed, and the U.S. emerged unchallenged as the world's sole remaining political and economic power. 

The preeminent role played by the Republican newspaper in all this has been reemphasized in a speech by our Economics Editor and Acting Manager & Publisher, Dr. Howard Hobbs in 1989 on this newspaper's One Hundred Fifty-seventh Year Anniversary Board Meeting. He said: 'The national Daily Republican newspaper, in itself, is the most consequential statement of conservative opinion ever made. For five generations we have been in the forefront of the journalism movement that has transformed public policy in California and the Nation. It has even changed the ideas, the politics, and finally the economic policies of most of the important international states and nations the world has known. This was necessary to winning the most important war ever waged by any newspaper anywhere. History has not, of course, ended even if the historic No. 10 Web Press is now still and silent. The Daily Republican continues in Cyberspace with the Internet Web Press newspaper and its well chosen words now written on the very air itself, for the entire world to read!' 

Howard Hobbs first became known around the nation through a June 1942 AP news photo of him, as a child on the sidelines, actively participating in a Market Street military parade and saluting the American Flag. The story and photo appeared in a number of national daily newspapers. [This AP photo caption read that Howard (on right) and his friend were attracting the attention of the crowd on Market Street as they saluted every American Flag that passed by, even small ones on automobiles. -Chattanooga Free Press.] 

  Howard shown here in a 1955 combat Fleet Marine Force photo, was a 1953 Fresno High School grad who enlisted in the Marines and became the youngest Company Sgt. serving in Fleet Marine Force units in the Western Pacific, Japan and China during the Cold War era. Howard's recent column Final Tribute To A Cold War Hero has been made a part of the National Archives and is on display at the Ronald W. Reagan Presidential Museum web site. Hobbs won the First California Ford Fellow post in the 1958 California Legislature, while completing his bachelor's degree at Fresno State in only three years. 

Under his Ford Foundation fellowship, Hobbs researched and wrote the California Legislature's Fresno Housing Study in 1959. That was an analytical research report on the South-Angus Street Redevelopment Project in Fresno, CA. 

The Fresno Housing Authority headed up by Fresno State College Social Science professor, Karl Leonard Falk, embarked upon large-scale downtown urban renewal that displaced several hundred Fresno small businesses and hundreds of downtown poor minority residents in order to obtain federal block-grant funds from Washington D.C. for the deconstruction of Fresno's Main Street on Futon and to pave the way for what has become a sterile anti-business government reservation. 

Professor Falk's redevelopment fallacy of a centrally planned government mall. In its wake came the systematic destruction of the historic Fresno County Courthouse, the Carnegie Library, theaters, restaurants, stores, and professional offices, 40 blocks of private homes, the closing off Fulton Street, the main access to downtown businesses, and making the remaining access streets one-way further restricting access to the downtown area by car. 

As the Ford Fellow he met and worked with vice-president Richard Nixon, California governor Goodwin Knight, and U.S. Senator William F. Knowland. 

Born to a middle-class family, Hobbs was schooled in the United States and in Japan. He served in the U.S. Marines in Japan  at the close of Korean conflict.

Before completing Fresno State College, where he was honored with the Ford Fellowship, he distinguished himself in debate, was the college editor of the Bulldog News, and distinguished himself as a Shakespearean Hamlet in his Little Theatre appearance. Dr. Phillip Walker said of Hobbs, "Howard is the greatest actor in the history of Fresno State!"

Hobbs would later complete doctoral study at the University of Southern California, with his dissertation on moral philosophy.

By1959 Hobbs acquired ownership of the historic Fresno Republican Newspaper founded in 1876 by A. L. Hobbs and Chester Rowell. Its circulation grew  rapidly under Hobbs' editorship, and by 1996 it became  the country's leading Conservative journal. He began  writing a syndicated political column. In 1998, that would eventually appear in many national newspapers. Since 1986 his  many journal articles on politics and public affairs include economic political analysis of the news. He has also written several accounts of his Marine Corps tours of duty. 

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Fresno Republican Newspaper,
Corporate Mail Service
34 West Minarets Street
Palm Bluffs, No. 3246
Fresno, California 93650 
[Telephone/Fax - 559.298.9439] 

Fresno Daily Republican Mailing Address:

E-Mail Address:editor@fresnorepublican.com

World Wide Web Mission Statement:

'We are compassionate of heart and conservative of mind. Established in Fresno., in 1876, the Fresno Republican Interactive is now commemorating its 174th Anniversary. We publish a fearless, National print and electronic daily newspaper, on-line via the Internet WWW serving readers across the Nation and in 140 countries. 

The Daily Republican sponsors original research on government policy, the American economy, and American politics. Daily Republican research aims to preserve and to strengthen republican foundations of a free society—limited government, competitive private enterprise, vital cultural and political institutions, and vigilant defense—through rigorous inquiry, debate, and clear writing.' 

[Bibliographic Primary Sources: FRESNO REPUBLICAN. General directory of Fresno County, California for 1881. Containing a description of the County, its topography, resources, history, etc. Sketches of its towns, settlements, industries and business houses. Statistical tables, record of rainfall, lists of public officials; together with a complete list of names of the adult population. Fresno: Fresno Republican, 1881. CH Fre 1882 History of Fresno County, California, with illustrations, descriptive of its scenery, farms, residences, public buildings, factories, hotels, business houses, schools, churches and mines, from original drawings, with biographical sketches. San Francisco: Wallace W. Elliott and Company, 1882; Fresno Morning Republican et al. archives 1877-1923, Victor Bogart, "Chester Rowell and the Lincoln-Roosevelt League," (Unpublished M.A. Thesis, Berkeley, CA., 1962), 54; The Story of an Independent newspaper: One Hundred Years of the Springfield Republican 1824-1924, by Richard Hooker, The MacMillan Co. New York, 1924; Solomon B. Griffin's People and Politics;Allan Nevins, The Evening Post, A Century of Journalism; and American Political History by Alexander Johnston & James Albert Woodburn; Irving Babbit's Democracy & Leadership, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1924; The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2d ed., pp. 237, 1876, Columbia University Press, New York, 1956; Edwin M. Eaton's Vintage Fresno: Pictorial Recollections of a Western City, pp.6-9. The Huntington Press, Fresno, California, 1965; Verne E. Edwards' Journalism in a Free Society, Wm.C. Brown Pub., New York, 1970; Elizabeth Grey's The Story of Journalism, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1969; Leonard W. Levy's Legacy of Supression: Freedom of Speech & Press in Early American History, Oxford Univ. Press, New York, 1960; Frank L. Mott, American Journalism, A History 1660-1960, pp. 265-265, Macmillan Co., Toronto, 1971; Alexis de Tocqueville's, Democracy In America(1835), Alfred Knopf, New York, 1945.] 

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